Often two bonfires would be built side by side, and the people would walk between the fires as a ritual of purification.The word 'bonfire', or 'bonefire' is a direct translation of the Gaelic .With the bonfire ablaze, the villagers extinguished all other fires."end") is a festival on the end of the harvest season in Gaelic and Brythonic cultures, with aspects of a festival of the dead.
Many scholars believe that it was the beginning of the Celtic year.
Samhain is also the name of a festival in various currents of Neopaganism inspired by Gaelic tradition. It appears, therefore, that in Proto-Celtic the first month of the summer season was named 'wintry', and the first month of the winter half-year 'summery', possibly by ellipsis, '[month at the end] of summer/winter', so that would be a restitution of the original meaning.